Call For a Licensed Plumber: (317) 859-9999

History of Lead Pipes

Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of application. Typically, plumbing involves pipes, valves, fixtures, and tanks to convey fluids. The word plumbing comes from the Latin word for lead, plumbum. This is because the first known modern plumbing system consisting of pipes was in the Roman Empire.

Plumbing is extremely important to our every day lives. Plumbing infrastructure is important to public health and sanitation, and the most important difference between developed and undeveloped societies is access to modern plumbing infrastructure. Access to adequate plumbing infrastructure is linked to an increase in life expectancy, decrease in infant mortality, and increase in economic prosperity. It is believed that the first epidemic of waterborne disease was caused by an infected person relieving himself upstream. Inadequate plumbing has been linked to a wide range of epidemics from cholera and typhoid to SARS and Ebola. For this reason, charity organizations from around the world focus on providing plumbing infrastructure to locations in which it is inadequate.

Plumbing developed in ancient societies- Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese, in cities along with the rise in public baths. Public baths necessitated a system to provide potable water and remove wastewater for large numbers of people. In 2700 BC, standardized pipes were introduced in the Indus Valley Civilization in South Asia. These systems used asphalt to prevent leakages in earthen pipes. The Romans introduced lead pipes and lead conduits on rooftop drain pipes.

 

Ancient Roman civilizations developed plumbing to an early apex. The Romans introduced expansive aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and a widespread use of lead pipes. Lead became the favored material for water pipes for many centuries because its malleability gave it the versatility to conform to any desired shape. When Rome fell, so did plumbing infrastructure, and with its water supply, sanitation, and public health. This plumbing dark age lasted for over 1,000 years.

 

Plumbing systems did not again begin to develop until the rise of densely populated cities in the 1800’s. Public health authorities demanded improvements in waste disposal systems to prevent the spread of disease. Prior to these demands, waste disposal consisted of dumping waste on the ground or into a river. During this period, separate underground water and sewerage systems were developed to eliminate open sewage ditches and cesspools. These developments lead to modern wastewater disposal systems, which involve the piping of solid wastes to sewage treatment plants to separate and purify the water before emptying it into bodies of water.

The use of lead pipes, which was preferred from the time of ancient Roman civilizations to around the 1950’s, declined after World War II because of increased awareness of the dangers of lead poisoning. The use of lead piping leads to stillbirths and high rates of infant mortality. Copper piping and tin-antimony alloy soldering are now used as a better and safer alternative to lead pipes and lead-tin alloy solder. Interestingly, the lead pipes the Romans used in their aqueducts rarely poisoned people because the Roman water contained so much calcium that a layer of plaque prevented the water from contacting the lead on the pipe.

A seemingly odd variation on earthen, lead, and copper piping was utilized in London during the 16th and 17th centuries- wood pipes. Londoners preferred to fashion their pipes from hollowed-out logs. Multiple logs were sealed together with hot animal fat to create an entire plumbing system. Similar systems were also used in Montreal, Boston, and other parts of the United States from the 1800’s through the 20th century. Cast iron and ductile iron pipe have also been utilized as a low-cost piping alternative. Currently, PVC piping is used as a durable and low-cost piping material.

Schedule Your Appointment Now

  • Date Format: MM slash DD slash YYYY
Instagram post 2174992154403871703_1660079696 Thank You To All The Service Men and Women this Veterans Day! Especially our own Plumbers, Paul & Rob! 
#VeteransDay #CartersMyPlumber #ThankYou
Instagram post 2172062834875625622_1660079696 Highlights From Today!
Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2171189082574900047_1660079696 Good Morning! Midway point of the work week! You can do it!

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2170485613211877781_1660079696 Do you have a plumbing problem? Carter’s My Plumber can do the job! 
Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2169739141897846931_1660079696 There’s nothing worse than a drain that won’t drain! If you are experiencing a clogged drain and want immediate service, please give us a call! Get $50.00 off our regular price. *$100 minimum.
Instagram post 2167695100255594714_1660079696 Happy Friday! Support Breast Cancer Awareness Month by Calling Carter's My Plumber! Every call Carter's will donate $25!

#GoldenFriday
#BreastCancerAwareness

#LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #greenwood #indianapolis
Instagram post 2166926972483414041_1660079696 Happy Halloween. Don’t let plumbing problems scare you!🎃 Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2166130546455289687_1660079696 Alex is installing a new water heater this morning! Are you thinking about getting a new one? Carter’s My Plumber can do the job! 
Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2165471088628502803_1660079696 Are you looking for an awesome team and a happy place to work?  We are hiring!  http://ow.ly/xuQa50wWtn3
Instagram post 2165454032952848510_1660079696 Garbage Disposal Not Working? Carter’s My Plumber Can Do The Job!

Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber  #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2162649895513075857_1660079696 Carter’s My Plumber can do the job! 
Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Instagram post 2162617736794287335_1660079696 Max and Bella know what month it is..Support Breast Cancer Awareness Month by calling Carter's My Plumber! Every call Carter's will donate $25!

#GoldenFriday
#BreastCancerAwareness
Call (317)-859-9999 
#LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #greenwood #indianapolis
Instagram post 2160374914846475702_1660079696 Carter's My Plumber will always be there for your plumbing needs. "On Time, Fixed Right, With Courtesy, Respect, & A Smile"

Call us if you need ANY Plumbing Service!
(317)-859-9999

#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #shoplocal #localbusiness #greenwood  #Indianapolis #plumbingcompany #cartersmyplumber
Instagram post 2160353048454822853_1660079696 Do you need to repair or replace your toilet? Carter’s My Plumber can do the job! 
Call (317)-859-9999 
cartersmyplumber.com
#LicensedContractor #LicensedPlumber #plumbing #plumber #local #familyowned #localbusiness #greenwood #Indianapolis #company #family #plumbingcompany
Carter's My Plumber Logo

Get your home tips here

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team.

You have Successfully Subscribed!